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Mount Rushmore National Memorial,Keystone,South Dakota

Mount Rushmore National Memorial is a sculpture carved into the granite face of Mount Rushmore, a batholith in the Black Hills

Mount Rushmore National Memorial,Keystone,South Dakota
FORDF250HDXLT, Apr 10, 2017
      The United States seized the area from the Lakota tribe after the Great Sioux War of 1876. The Treaty of Fort Laramie from 1868 had previously granted the Black Hills to the Lakota in perpetuity. Members of the American Indian Movement led an occupation of the monument in 1971, naming it "Mount Crazy Horse". Among the participants were young activists, grandparents, children and Lakota holy man John Fire Lame Deer, who planted a prayer staff atop the mountain. Lame Deer said the staff formed a symbolic shroud over the presidents' faces "which shall remain dirty until the treaties concerning the Black Hills are fulfilled."[48]

      In 2004, the first Native American superintendent of the park, Gerard Baker, was appointed. Baker has stated that he will open up more "avenues of interpretation", and that the four presidents are "only one avenue and only one focus."[49]

      The Crazy Horse Memorial is being constructed elsewhere in the Black Hills to commemorate the famous Native American leader as a response to Mount Rushmore. It is said to be larger than Mount Rushmore and has the support of Lakota chiefs; the Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation has rejected offers of federal funds. However, this memorial is likewise the subject of controversy, even within the Native American community.[50]

      Mount Rushmore - Wikipedia

      Native Americans have a long history in the Black Hills. After conquering the Cheyenne in 1776, the Lakota took over the territory of the Black Hills, which became central to their culture. In 1868, the U.S. government signed the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868, establishing the Great Sioux Reservation west of the Missouri River, and exempting the Black Hills from all white settlement forever. However, when settlers discovered gold there in 1874, as a result of George Armstrong Custer's Black Hills Expedition, miners swept into the area in a gold rush. The US government took back the Black Hills and in 1889 reassigned the Lakota, against their wishes, to five smaller reservations in western South Dakota, selling off 9 million acres of their former land. Unlike most of South Dakota, the Black Hills were settled by European Americans primarily from population centers to the west and south of the region, as miners flocked there from earlier gold boom locations in Colorado and Montana.

      Black Hills - Wikipedia

      More than a century later, the Sioux nation won a victory in court. On June 30, 1980, in United States v. Sioux Nation of Indians,[3] the United States Supreme Court ruled that the government had illegally taken the land. It upheld an award of $15.5 million for the market value of the land in 1877, along with 103 years worth of interest at 5 percent, for an additional $105 million. The Lakota Sioux, however, have refused to accept payment and instead continue to demand the return of the territory from the United States.

      Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868) - Wikipedia

      Nearly three million people visit Mount Rushmore each year. The busiest months are June, July and August. May, September and October are less busy and popular months to visit as well. Use the links below to plan your visit to Mount Rushmore and the surrounding Black Hills.

      History & Culture
      "The purpose of the memorial is to communicate the founding, expansion, preservation, and unification of the United States with colossal statues of Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt."Gutzon Borglum

      Mount Rushmore National Memorial is host to almost three million visitors a year from across the country and around the world. They come to marvel at the majestic beauty of the Black Hills of South Dakota and to learn about the birth, growth, development and the preservation of our country. Over the decades, Mount Rushmore has grown in fame as a symbol of America-a symbol of freedom and hope for people from all cultures and backgrounds.

      All the cultures that make up the fabric of this country are represented by the memorial and surrounding Black Hills. One of the most important gifts we can give our visitors at Mount Rushmore National Memorial is an understanding and love for our nation's history and cultures and an appreciation of the importance of caring for that legacy.

      History & Culture - Mount Rushmore National Memorial

      The only time I felt ashamed for the National Park Service,was my visit here.Not only do they not disclose the true history of how the land was stripped illegally from the Natives but when I asked if I simply missed a placard showing info about the broken treaty,the park ranger gave me a smug look and laugh (I may not look full blood as I'm not,but to see me with my very tan skin and long black hair,there is no mistaking my nationality). Therefore I cannot recommend the visit.Perhaps one day they will put up an information board devoted to the true history of this place as the national park service honorably does in other locations across America.If you stop in,please ask the park rangers for Native American history to be shared there in their museum as well.Please ask kindly like I did,taking into account,there is little doubt the US government has the NPS hands tied with what they want to be shared here.You however,can share the truth with your children.

      Pause for a moment if you will please and just think of this:
      Could you just imagine the US government coming in,taking your house from you,and then painting faces of themselves on your siding? Or just imagine them doing it your sacred places like your loved ones graves or the churches you go to worship in.Then to top this off,have them devote the place,as a place of honor and respect for America.Just imagine how that would feel for a moment.This isn't the history your kids are learning in school.This viewpoint isn't considered and shown in school books.Please do your part to educate them.
    • madpogue
      Thanks for posting this, esp. the big photo. As a descendent of Celtic immigrants, I'm accustomed to being shown photos of Mout Rushmore that only show the four faces. A few weeks ago, I visited an art photographer's display and saw for the first time a photo showing the whole mountainside. Like your photo, the faces are in the background. All the rubble below the faces that the sculptors simply left behind all those decades ago is in the foreground. There's a very important message in that cascading pile of rubble; it speaks more about this place than the faces themselves.
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