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First Peoples Buffalo Jump State Park,Ulm,Montana

A historic buffalo jump utilized by the Native American tribes of North America

First Peoples Buffalo Jump State Park,Ulm,Montana
FORDF250HDXLT, Apr 10, 2017
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      The site's cliff face is approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) long,[5][15][17] and has been variously measured at between 30 to 50 feet (9.1 to 15.2 m) in height.[18] The east-west trending cliff is composed of sandstone that is part of the bentonitic Taft Hill Member of the Blackleaf Formation.[8]

      Archeological research and carbon dating of evidence at the site indicates that Native Americans used the site as early as 500 CE[19] However, in 2011, park archeologists found a point (either a large arrowhead or a spearhead) that initial estimates indicated might be as much as 5,000 years old, which would force a radical revision in the date of earliest use.[3] But this early use appears to be infrequent. Most evidence indicates that the pishkun began to be heavily frequented for hunting purposes around 900 CE.[20]

      The site was used as a "buffalo jump," a place where American bison could be driven up a hill and over a cliff.[21] Prior to 1700 CE, Native Americans lacked horses. Because they utilized dogs as hunting companions and for transportation, this time period is known as the "Dog Days" by many tribes.[3] Bison served as a significant food source for many Native American tribes. Killing the animals, however, was difficult, as bison are notoriously difficult to herd or capture, and can be highly aggressive. Buffalo jumps were one way to kill large numbers of the animals at once without many of the risks associated with close-proximity ambush. Once the animals were driven over the cliff and incapacitated, they would be slaughtered and their meat, hides, and bones used by the hunters to feed and clothe their families and to make various tools and weapons. Jumps were rare, as ambush was a far more common killing method.[19] There is conflicting evidence about what time of year the jumps were used most heavily. There is some evidence that bison kills usually occurred between early fall and early spring,[22] but evidence of unborn and young calf skeletons at the site indicate that slaughter may have occurred year-round.[23]


      First Peoples Buffalo Jump State Park - Wikipedia


      Though closed by the time I passed through,it was awesome to drive around to see with the minds eye and feel through spirit,those who lived here once before.It was easy to feel and envision my brothers hunting their food,as if they never left.Perhaps it was best the park was closed so that I could be in solitude and feel my brothers who once lived here more closely.
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  • Album:
    Travel - With Native American History
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